Effect of Age and Lifestyle: On Women’s Fertility
Lifestyle habits such as diet, smoking, weight, stress, exercise, etc., play a big role in women’s fertility as well as their age. In fact, age has the greatest impact on women’s ability to give birth to a healthy child. Gunjan IVF World Group Chairman Dr. Gunjan Gupta Govil says that nowadays women pay more attention to career. They don’t know much about the risk of being a late mother. In such a situation, they have to face many problems related to reproduction. Biologically, the fertility of any woman is at its best at the age of 20 to 30 years and this is the best time to raise a family. During this time the risk of miscarriage or any kind of mental illness in the child is lowest. Thereafter, when the woman crosses the age of 30, her fertility declines and after 35 years of age, it declines rapidly. That is, we can say that with increasing age, the number and quality of a woman’s eggs decreases.
It is a common myth that age has no effect on male fertility. In reality, male fertility is also low, but it is less in mild form. Whereas the risk of miscarriage of her partner or affecting the overall development of the unborn child is high. The child may be born with any congenital disease. When we talk about the fertility of women in today’s time, due to conditions like modern lifestyle, poor eating habits, stress, very little physical activity, etc. . Dr. Gunjan Gupta Govil says that although with the help of techniques like IVF before menopause, most women can become a mother with their own eggs, but age also has an effect on the success of IVF. Doctor.


Smoking has a very bad effect on the fertility of both men and women. Smoking affects sperm production, motility and morphology in men. In women, it can affect the follicular microenvironment and hormone levels during the pre-menstrual period (luteal phase) after ovulation.

Weight –

Being overweight or underweight can also affect a woman’s fertility. This can cause an imbalance of hormones and can cause problems related to the process of egg production. Apart from this, obesity can also lead to cardiovascular disease, diabetes and some types of cancer. Apart from this, it is also a major cause of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), which is considered to be the biggest cause of infertility in women. Being overweight also causes problems during pregnancy.

Eating and drinking –

Plays a major role in increasing fertility and improves the process of egg production. A balanced and nutritious diet is essential for general health and has a positive effect on all physical activity. We should eat grains, fiber rich food, fruits, vegetables, proteins like legumes, tofu, dry fruits etc. Junk food and trans fat, high fat items should be avoided.

Healthy body –

Regular exercise has a good effect on a person’s health. If overweight women exercise, then their chances of becoming a mother increase, because exercise reduces their weight. In fact, exercising during pregnancy has a good effect on mental health. But don’t exercise too much. Exercising too much can cause hormones to become imbalanced in the woman and the process of ovulation can be disrupted. It can also disturb the menstrual cycle of the woman. If seen, the exercise is neither too good nor too little. A better balance needs to be struck.

alcohol consumption –

Excessive consumption of alcohol can reduce fertility. It increases estrogen levels and decreases FSH secretion. This may pose a risk to the unborn baby. Alcohol also affects sperm count in men. In such a situation, if a couple wants to increase the family, then they should reduce the consumption of alcohol.


Stress is not a major cause of infertility, but it can adversely affect a woman’s fertility. Stress increases the level of hormones that stimulate it, such as adrenaline, cortisol, etc. In women who have had prior miscarriages, the state of restlessness and depression can affect the ability to reproduce. Couples who are suffering from any kind of stress or psychological pressure, they should take proper counselling.

Environment –

Due to the environment or their work, if they are exposed to any kind of pesticides or pollutants, then it can also have an adverse effect on fertility. Apart from this, they can also cause miscarriage or congenital malformations. Women’s fertility can be increased by making some lifestyle changes and making healthier choices. However, due to technologies like IVF, many women are becoming mothers and giving birth to healthy children.

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